Obesity is very common these days, especially among the younger generation, whether boys or girls. This is due to the excessive use and convenience of fast food and cold drinks. Obesity affects all human systems, especially young girls. One of the most common problems with PCOS is Ovary Syndrome Polycystic.
This is one of the most common hormonal disorders. In women, the ovaries release certain hormones that affect the woman's body, but in PCOs, small bags of water from inside the ovaries, and if ultrasound, they look like clockwork dials. Looks like pearls. 20% to 35% of women are diagnosed with PCO on a loud sound.
PCOS has a wide range of symptoms. The disease can be very mild and can be very severe. It affects not only the reproductive system but also the hormonal and metabolic systems. Symptoms include weight gain, menstrual irregularities, infertility, and facial hair growth. Not every PCO needs to have all the symptoms of the disease. Someone may have a problem and someone may have another problem.
Sometimes PCOs have no symptoms at all and the appearance of these symptoms is related to the patient's weight. If the weight starts to increase then the symptoms also appear. It is worth mentioning here that only 40% to 50% of PCO patients are obese.
It is not yet known why this disease occurs and what is the main cause of it. However, it is believed that this problem is not due to any one cause but there are many reasons for it. This problem is also inherited. Therefore, mothers, sisters, and daughters in the same family can be affected by this problem. Men in this family also have more metabolic problems.
The problem of PCOS starts from the time of puberty and it is related to weight gain. When a girl starts menstruating, she may have regular menstruation for several months in the beginning of this problem lasts for two years and menstruation. If she doesn't come regularly, this girl may have a chance to become a PCO.
The changes in the hormones caused by PCOS are tested during the menstrual cycle and the hormones that are involved in the hormones are reversed. In addition, the male hormones called testosterone are also increased to cause weight gain.
This is because the hormone insulin cannot work and its levels in the blood increase. These are the molecular changes that are responsible for the effects of PCOS and these changes cause diabetes in PCO patients. There is also a risk of developing high blood pressure and heart disease, as well as an increased risk of ovarian and breast cancer.
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Problems caused by PCOS such as obesity, menstrual irregularities, facial or body hair loss, and infertility can lead to severe depression in women. PCO treatment depends on what the problem is and the PCO is treated accordingly. Women who are overweight are recommended to lose weight.
For this, they are told to diet and exercise, etc. Research has shown that the hormonal changes caused by weight loss are significantly improved and the symptoms of RPCO are also significantly improved. Walking briskly for 90-60 minutes daily is essential for weight loss. In addition, fatty foods, bakery sweets, sweet drinks, potatoes, rice, etc. should be avoided in the diet.
Some weight-loss medications are useful for those who are overweight and are not losing weight through diet or exercise, and who are overweight and trying to lose weight through beer or tuck surgery. Is done.
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If menstruation is not regular then medicines are given to regularize it. Similarly, if there is a lot of hair on the face or body, then there are separate medicines. These medicines have to be taken for a long time and their effect lasts for 6-9 months.
It starts to appear after and has to be taken for at least 2 years. During this time you have to undergo threading, bleach, or laser treatment for the hair. You have to take medicines for the hair. If they are suffering from the disease, they are treated accordingly.
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Therefore, the patient is first discussed what she is seeking treatment for and is treated according to these lines. However, weight loss is the basic treatment of PCO. It is a very difficult task but for this, the patient should be understood.